Q: Do PCO patients get pregnant? Is it easy or difficult?
A: Yes, even though the infertility rate with polycystic ovaries is very high, with treatment there is improved chance of pregnancy .Sometimes it becomes unresponsive to drugs and small procedures like Leos. Due to higher Androgen levels the ovaries do not release egg. There are small cysts in the ovaries which causes hormonal imbalance.
PCO syndrome affects the ovaries and ovulation. Its 3 main features are:
> Cysts in Ovaries
> High levels of Male Hormones
> Irregular or skipped periods
Q: How to recognize PCOS and what are the symptoms?
1. Excessive body weight and difficulty in weight loss
2. Break out of Acne
3. Excessive hair on face and body, thicker and darker facial hair.
4. Thinning of scalp hair
5. Irregular menstruation; Some women have less than 9 periods a year, others have no periods at all and a few experience heavy and abnormal bleeding and a further few will get menses only after taking medication
6. Darkening and thickening of skin
Q: What are the Diagnostic tests done for PCOS?
A: PCOS can be diagnosed by doing Pelvic Ultrasound and by conducting blood tests for Harmonal profile and serum insulin levels.
Q: What is the complication of PCOS if left untreated?
2. Miscarriage/Premature Birth
3. Abnormal uterine bleeding
5. Gestational diabetes and Hypertension
6. Metabolic syndrome
7. Sleep Apnea
Q:When Should PCOS women consult a Doctor?
> When you have missed period and you are not pregnant
> When you have been trying to get pregnant for more than 12 months and havenot been successful
> When there are symptoms of PCOS like hair growth on face and body
> When there are symptoms of unexplained weight gain
PCOS women can get pregnant using fertility treatment and taking proper treatment in a good fertility centre to improve ovulation. Treatment option may be different. Starting from ovulation induction,IUI & ICSI.
Diet in PCO Patients:
The best PCO diet plan is a diet with-
> High protein
> Full of fibers –Help combat insulin resistance by showing digestion and decrease the impact of sugar on blood.
> Lots of green leafy vegetables
> Cereal like oats, wheat flakes, corn flakes.
> Low fat milk.
> Fruits with low glycemic index
> 2 green vegetables
> Multi grain atta roti
> 1 part of chana
Fish is a great source of protein and essential fatty acids such as Omega 3 Fatty acids which can help in balancing hormones and weight management and important thing to keep in mind is to have lots of fluids and low calorie snacking.
• Avoid junk food, Package food, fast foods, soya products and sugary drinks totally.
• Try to take soup once in a day.
• Maintain active life style with exercise.
• Yoga and meditation should be done which helps in stress reduction , help calm the mind and connect with your body.